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Why do we need our personal space? Are we just territorial? It's actually about protection, reducing stress, and focus. In Social Psychology: Theories, Research, and Applications, Robert S. Feldman identifies three models that explain why we need our personal space.
3 Models of Why We Need Our Space
The three models are:
- The overload model
- Stress theory
- Communication channel
Personal Space and Information Overload
"When others stand very close to us, their voices seem louder, we may feel (and smell) their hot breath, we may notice wrinkles in their skin. In other words, we are bombarded with sensory stimulation, all of which must be processed cognitively. The overload model of personal space builds upon this possibility by suggesting that we maintain personal space in order to reduce the potential "overload” on our information processing systems (G. E. Evans, 1974). By keeping others at a distance, we are able to maintain control over the stimulation that we would otherwise be forced to process. "Personal Space as Protection
... What is clear that the study confirms that personal space invasion is related to increases in physiological stress; thus, an important function of maintenance of personal space zones may be to protect people from excessive stress.”
"An alternative – though not mutually exclusive – approach to explaining the functions of personal space suggest that personal space zones serve to protect us from stress. This model known as stress theory, says that personal space can shield us from stressful stimuli that may be present when others come too close to us. What are these potential stressors? G.W. Evans (1979) suggest an important one is potential aggression that may come from others. If we allow other people to get too close to us, an act of aggression can have serious consequences. On the other hand, if we maintain our distance, an aggressive act will have less significance. Similarly, maintenance of personal space zones allows us to fend off high levels of noise that may emanate from other people. In sum, personal space may afford us protection from unwanted stressful stimuli."Personal Space as a Communication Channel
“…. Interpersonal spacing can reflect the nature of the relationship between individuals, and is also related to other nonverbal behaviors such as eye contact and body orientation. Thus, maintenance of personal space zones can be conceptualized largely a matter of controlling the type of message individuals want to communicate to others with whom they are interacting."
Key Take Aways
I think this actually explains the effectiveness of Feng Shui and why it helps you feel good.
- Your personal bubble can help reduce your stress. When people are in our immediate space, the threat of potential aggression has more impact. Our bodies go into red alert. If you've ever had your brother or sister intently hold their finger a couple inches from your body while they say, "I'm not touching you ... I'm not touching you .... I'm not touching you" you know the feeling.
- Your personal bubble can help you stay focused. You reduce information overload. Your personal space helps shield you from the dynamics of people around you. If your focus is on everything that's going on around you, it's tough to stay focused. Effectively the more you can reduce distractions, the more you can stay focused on your task. I know some people use music as their shield. A common practice for contractors that share a space is to wear headphones to create white noise, to stay more focused.
The following pages present various perspectives on whether shared workspaces, cubes or private offices are more effective: